Visualizing transfer of microbial biomolecules by outer membrane vesicles in microbe-host-communication in vivo


Posted: 2021-10-19 19:00:00
The intestinal microbiota influences mammalian host physiology in health and disease locally in the gut but also in organs devoid of direct contact with bacteria such as the liver and brain. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) or outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) released by microbes are increasingly recognized for their potential role as biological shuttle systems for inter-kingdom communication. However, physiologically relevant evidence for the transfer of functional biomolecules from the intestinal microbiota to individual host cells by OMVs in vivo is scarce. By introducing Escherichia coli engineered to express Cre-recombinase (E. coliCre ) into mice with a Rosa26.tdTomato-reporter background, we leveraged the Cre-LoxP system to report the transfer of bacterial OMVs to recipient cells in vivo. Colonizing the intestine of these mice with E. coliCre , resulted in Cre-recombinase induced fluorescent reporter gene-expression in cells along the intestinal epithelium, including intestinal stem cells as well as mucosal immune cells such as macrophages. Furthermore, even far beyond the gut, bacterial-derived Cre induced extended marker gene expression in a wide range of host tissues, including the heart, liver, kidney, spleen, and brain. Together, our findings provide a method and proof of principle that OMVs can serve as a biological shuttle system for the horizontal transfer of functional biomolecules between bacteria and mammalian host cells. Keywords: Cre-Loxp; extracellular vesicles; inflammation; intestinal stem cells; microbiome; outer membrane vesicles.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome



バイオクイックニュース日本語版:エクソソーム特集

バイオクイックニュース日本語版
1月 22, 2019 バイオアソシエイツ

化学療法は乳癌細胞から転移促進エキソソームの放出を刺激し、エクソソームはその内容物を肺に放出することがある。

乳癌患者の中には、腫瘍が手術で取り除かれる前に化学療法を受ける人もいる。 ネオアジュバント療法と呼ばれるこのアプローチは、乳房温存手術を容易にするために腫瘍のサイズを縮小するのを助け、外科医が除去するための癌性細胞をほとんどまたは全く残さずに腫瘍を根絶することさえできる。 そのような場合、患者は手術後の生涯に渡り癌のないまま過ごせる可能性が高い。 しかし、すべての腫瘍が化学療法で縮小するわけではない。…

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