Posted: 2021-09-23 19:00:00
Adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs), mesenchymal stem/progenitor cells from subcutaneous adipose tissue, have been shown to stimulate angiogenesis in hind limb ischemia, an effect attributed to paracrine action on endothelial cells (ECs) in mice. Despite promising therapeutic effects, the relevant molecules promoting neovascularization in this setting have not been fully elucidated. Extracellular vesicles, crucial mediators of intercellular communication, are recognized as a new therapeutic modality for regenerative medicine. Here, we found that GW4869, an exosome biogenesis inhibitor targeting neutral sphingomyelinase, impaired ADRCs-mediated angiogenesis and improvement of blood perfusion in a murine hind limb ischemia model. In addition, while the supernatant of ADRCs induced murine EC migration, this effect was attenuated by pre-treatment with GW4869. RNA analysis revealed that treatment of ADRCs with GW4869 reduced the expression of microRNA-21 (miR-21), miR-27b, miR-322, and let-7i in ADRCs-derived exosomes. Furthermore, the exosomes derived from GW4869-treated ADRCs induced the expression of the miR-21 targets Smad7 and Pten, and the miR-322 target Cul2, in ECs. These findings suggest that several miRNAs in ADRCs-derived exosomes contribute to angiogenesis and improvement of blood perfusion in a murine hind limb ischemia model. Keywords: adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs); circulating microRNA; hind limb ischemia; therapeutic angiogenesis.
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