The C-Circle Biomarker Is Secreted by Alternative-Lengthening-of-Telomeres Positive Cancer Cells inside Exosomes and Provides a Blood-Based Diagnostic for ALT Activity

Posted: 2021-11-13 20:00:00
C-Circles, self-primed telomeric C-strand templates for rolling circle amplification, are the only known alternative-lengthening-of-telomeres (ALT)-specific molecule. However, little is known about the biology of C-Circles and if they may be clinically useful. Here we show that C-Circles are secreted by ALT+ cancer cells inside exosomes, and that a blood-based C-Circle Assay (CCA) can provide an accurate diagnostic for ALT activity. Extracellular vesicles were isolated by differential centrifugation from the growth media of lung adenocarcinoma, glioblastoma, neuroblastoma, osteosarcoma, and soft tissue sarcoma cell lines, and C-Circles were detected in the exosome fraction from all eleven ALT+ cancer cell lines and not in any extracellular fraction from the eight matching telomerase positive cancer cell lines or the normal fibroblast strain. The existence of C-Circles in ALT+ exosomes was confirmed with exosomes isolated by iodixanol gradient separation and CD81-immunoprecipitation, and C-Circles in the exosomes were protected from nucleases. On average, 0.4% of the total ALT+ intracellular C-Circles were secreted in the exosomes every 24 h. Comparing the serum-based and tumor-based CCAs in 35 high risk neuroblastoma patients divided randomly into ALT+ threshold derivation and validation groups, we found the serum-based CCA to have 100% sensitivity (6/6), 70% specificity (7/10), and 81% concordance (13/16). We conclude that the secretion of C-Circles by ALT+ cancer cells in the exosomes provides a stable blood-based biomarker and a potential clinical diagnostic for ALT activity. Keywords: ALT; C-Circle Assay; cancer diagnostic; exosomes; telomere; telomere maintenance mechanism.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome


5月 24, 2019 バイオアソシエイツ



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