Posted: 2021-10-13 19:00:00
Increasing long non-coding RNAs are reported to regulate the cell growth, apoptosis, and metastasis of cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs).This study aimed to explore how LINC01915 influences the conversion of normal fibroblasts (NFs) into CAFs in colorectal cancer (CRC). LINC01915 expression was initially measured in clinical tissue samples and in NFs and CAFs. Identification of the interaction between LINC01915, miR-92a-3p, KLF4, and CH25H was done. The effects of LINC01915, miR-92a-3p, and KLF4 on the angiogenesis, extracellular vesicle (EV) uptake by NFs, and activation of stromal cells were assessed using gain- or loss-of-function approaches. Xenograft mouse models were established to validate these in vitro findings in vivo. EVs were shown to stimulate NF proliferation, migration, and angiogenesis, as well as facilitate NF conversion into CAFs. CRC tissues and CAFs showed downregulated expression of LINC01915, which was associated with poor prognosis of patients. Moreover, employed LINC01915 inhibited tumor angiogenesis, CAF activation, and the uptake of tumor-derived EVs by NFs. Mechanistically, LINC01915 could competitively bind to miR-92a-3p and caused upregulation of the miR-92a-3p target KLF4 which, in turn, promoted the transcription of CH25H, leading to the suppressed uptake of EVs by NFs. The in vivo and in vitro experimental results showed that LINC01915 inhibited the uptake of CRC-derived EVs by NFs through the miR-92a-3p/KLF4/CH25H axis, thus arresting the angiogenesis and the conversion of NFs into CAFs and in turn prevent tumor growth. These data together supported the inhibiting role of LINC01915 in the conversion of NFs into CAFs triggered by the CRC-derived EVs and the ensuing tumor growth, which may be related to its regulation on the miR-92a-3p/KLF4/CH25H axis. Keywords: Krüppel-like factor 4; LINC01915; cancer-associated fibroblasts; cholesterol 25-hydroxylase; colorectal cancer; extracellular vesicles; microRNA-92a-3p; normal fibroblasts.
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