Human hepatocyte-derived extracellular vesicles attenuate the carbon tetrachloride-induced acute liver injury in mice

Posted: 2021-10-28 19:00:00
Acute liver injury (ALI) induced by chemicals or viruses can progress rapidly to acute liver failure (ALF), often resulting in death of patients without liver transplantation. Since liver transplantation is limited due to a paucity of donors, expensive surgical costs, and severe immune rejection, novel therapies are required to treat liver injury. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are used for cellular communication, carrying RNAs, proteins, and lipids and delivering them intercellularly after being endocytosed by target cells. Recently, it was reported that EVs secreted from human hepatocytes have an ability to modulate the immune responses; however, these roles of EVs secreted from human hepatocytes were studied only with in vitro experiments. In the present study, we evidenced that EVs secreted from human hepatocytes attenuated the CCL4-induced ALI by inhibiting the recruitment of monocytes through downregulation of chemokine receptor in the bone marrow and recruitment of neutrophils through the reduction of C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 1 (CXCL1) and CXCL2 expression levels in the liver.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome


7月 26, 2021 バイオアソシエイツ


グリフィス大学(オーストラリア)の研究者らは、癌の腫瘍マーカーを検出する新しい方法を開発し、早期診断に役立てようとしている。クイーンズランド・マイクロ・ナノテクノロジーセンターのムハマド・シディキー准教授と、グリフィス創薬研究所の細胞工場・バイオポリマーセンターのディレクターであるベルント・レーム教授が率いる研究チームは、新しいクラスの超常磁性ナノ材料を用いて、卵巣癌などの腫瘍マーカーを安価で高感度に検出する方法を考案した。 この研究成果は、2021年6月29日にACS Applied Materials and…

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