Evidence has shown that microRNA (miRNAs) are involved in molecular pathways responsible for aging and age-related cognitive decline. However, there is a lack of research linked plasma exosome-derived miRNAs changes with cognitive function in older people and aging, which might prove a new insight on the transformation of miRNAs on clinical applications for cognitive decline for older people.
We applied weighted gene co-expression network analysis to investigated miRNAs within plasma exosomes of older people for a better understanding of the relationship of exosome-derived miRNAs with cognitive decline in elderly adults. We identified network modules of co-expressed miRNAs in the elderly exosomal miRNAs dataset. In each module, we selected vital miRNAs and carried out functional enrichment analyses of their experimentally known target genes and their function.
We found that plasma exosomal miRNAs hsa-mir-376a-3p, miR-10a-5p, miR-125-5p, miR-15a-5p have critical regulatory roles in the development of aging and cognitive dysfunction in the elderly and may serve as biomarkers and putative novel therapeutic targets for aging and cognitive decline.
Aging; Biomarker; Cognitive decline; Eldly; Exsome; MoCA score; Plasma; WGCNA; miRNA.