Extracellular vesicles from pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma EUS-FNA samples contain a protein barcode


Posted: 2021-09-23 19:00:00
Background: The survival rate of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is very poor because early detection is difficult. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released from cells associating with the cellular condition and circulated in the blood. We aimed to identify EV proteins from endoscopic ultrasound-fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) biopsy samples in order to develop novel biomarkers for PDAC. Methods: EVs were isolated from EUS-FNA samples of 40 PDAC patients and 6 AIP patients to be used as a control. EV proteins were identified using nanoLC-MS/MS. Results: Intact EVs approximately 200 nm in diameter were detected from EUS-FNA samples. We identified 2059 or 1032 EV proteins in PDAC or AIP, respectively, and 1071 EV proteins were detected only in PDAC. 153 EV proteins were significantly different between PDAC and AIP: 64 proteins were down-regulated in PDAC whereas 89 EV proteins were up-regulated in PDAC including mucins, keratins, Ras-related proteins, and olfactomedin-4, which proteins have been reported to be elevated in PDAC tissue/blood, or cultured pancreatic cancer cell lines. Notably, in the 89 up-regulated PDAC EV proteins we identified novel proteins including ADP-ribosylation factor 3, CD55, pyruvate kinase, and lipopolysaccharide-induced tumor necrosis factor. Out of 89 proteins, a total of 13 proteins including Ras-related proteins were significantly elevated in PDAC stages II-IV compared to PDAC stage I, including Ras-related proteins, moesin, and CD55. Conclusions: The EV proteins obtained from EUS-FNA samples contain a PDAC-specific protein barcode. The EV proteins identified from EUS-FNA samples include promising biomarkers for the diagnosis and clinical staging of PDAC. Keywords: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma; autoimmune pancreatitis; extracellular vesicles; proteome.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome



バイオクイックニュース日本語版:エクソソーム特集

バイオクイックニュース日本語版
8月 19, 2020 バイオアソシエイツ

ISEV2020バーチャル年次総会の注目の要旨に、Ral-GTPaseがどのようにエクソソームの生合成と臓器向性を制御し転移を促進するかに焦点を当てた発表が選ばれた。

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