Extracellular Vesicles as Central Mediators of COPD Pathophysiology

Posted: 2021-11-01 19:00:00
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a complex, heterogeneous, smoking-related disease of significant global impact. The complex biology of COPD is ultimately driven by a few interrelated processes, including proteolytic tissue remodeling, innate immune inflammation, derangements of the host-pathogen response, aberrant cellular phenotype switching, and cellular senescence, among others. Each of these processes are engendered and perpetuated by cells modulating their environment or each other. Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are powerful effectors that allow cells to perform a diverse array of functions on both adjacent and distant tissues, and their pleiotropic nature is only beginning to be appreciated. As such, EVs are candidates to play major roles in these fundamental mechanisms of disease behind COPD. Furthermore, some such roles for EVs are already established, and EVs are implicated in significant aspects of COPD pathogenesis. Here, we discuss known and potential ways that EVs modulate the environment of their originating cells to contribute to the processes that underlie COPD. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Physiology, Volume 84 is February 2022. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome


9月 06, 2021 バイオアソシエイツ


エクソソームとは、細胞がデリケートな分子を保護し、全身に届けるために作るナノサイズの生体カプセルである(他にも機能がある)。エクソソームは、酵素による分解や、腸や血流中の酸性度や温度の変化にも耐えられる丈夫なカプセルであり、ドラッグデリバリーの候補として期待されている。しかし、臨床レベルの純度を達成するためにエクソソームを採取するのは、複雑なプロセスを要する。バージニア工科大学(VTC)のFralin Biomedical Research Instituteの教授であり、Center for Vascular…

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