Extracellular vesicle species differentially affect endothelial cell functions and differentially respond to exercise training in patients with chronic coronary syndromes


Posted: 2021-10-25 19:00:00
Background: Extracellular vesicles are released upon cellular activation and mediate inter-cellular communication. Individual species of extracellular vesicles might have divergent roles in vascular homeostasis and may show different responses to therapies such as exercise training. Aims: We examine endothelial effects of medium-size and small extracellular vesicles from the same individual with or without chronic coronary syndrome, and in chronic coronary syndrome patients participating in a four-week high-intensity interval training intervention. Methods: Human aortic endothelial cells were exposed to medium-size extracellular vesicles and small extracellular vesicles isolated from plasma samples of study participants. Endothelial cell survival, activation and re-endothelialisation capacity were assessed by respective staining protocols. Extracellular vesicles were quantified by nanoparticle tracking analysis and flow cytometry. Extracellular vesicle microRNA expression was quantified by realtime-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Results: In patients with chronic coronary syndrome (n = 25), plasma counts of leukocyte-derived medium-size extracellular vesicles were higher than in age-matched healthy controls (n = 25; p = 0.04) and were reduced by high-intensity interval training (n = 15; p = 0.01 vs baseline). Re-endothelialisation capacity was promoted by medium-size extracellular vesicles from controls, but not by medium-size extracellular vesicles from chronic coronary syndrome patients. High-intensity interval training for 4 weeks enhanced medium-size extracellular vesicle-mediated support of in vitro re-endothelialisation. Small extracellular vesicles from controls or chronic coronary syndrome patients increased endothelial cell death and reduced repair functions and were not affected by high-intensity interval training. Conclusion: The present study demonstrates that medium-size extracellular vesicles and small extracellular vesicles differentially affect endothelial cell survival and repair responses. This equilibrium is unbalanced in patients with chronic coronary syndrome where leukocyte-derived medium-size extracellular vesicles are increased leading to a loss of medium-size extracellular vesicle-mediated endothelial repair. High-intensity interval training partially restored medium-size extracellular vesicle-mediated endothelial repair, underlining its use in cardiovascular prevention and therapy to improve endothelial function. Keywords: Cardiovascular disease; endothelial regenerative capacity; extracellular vesicles.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome



バイオクイックニュース日本語版:エクソソーム特集

バイオクイックニュース日本語版
4月 28, 2021 バイオアソシエイツ

エクソソームを塗布したステントが血管損傷を治癒し、損傷した組織を修復する

ノースカロライナ州立大学の研究者らは、再開通した血管が狭くなるのを防ぐとともに、血液が不足している虚血組織に再生幹細胞由来の治療を行うことができる「スマートリリース」トリガーを備えたエクソソームコーティングステントを開発した。この研究は、2021年4月5日にNature Biomedical Engineering誌のオンライン版に掲載された。この論文は、「虚血性傷害後の血管治癒のための エクソソーム 溶出ステント (Exosome-Eluting Stents for Vascular Healing…

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