Detection and clinical significance of circulating tumor cells in colorectal cancer

Posted: 2021-11-20 20:00:00
Histopathological examination (biopsy) is the "gold standard" for the diagnosis of colorectal cancer (CRC). However, biopsy is an invasive method, and due to the temporal and spatial heterogeneity of the tumor, a single biopsy cannot reveal the comprehensive biological characteristics and dynamic changes of the tumor. Therefore, there is a need for new biomarkers to improve CRC diagnosis and to monitor and treat CRC patients. Numerous studies have shown that "liquid biopsy" is a promising minimally invasive method for early CRC detection. A liquid biopsy mainly samples circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), microRNA (miRNA) and extracellular vesicles (EVs). CTCs are malignant cells that are shed from the primary tumors and/or metastases into the peripheral circulation. CTCs carry information on both primary tumors and metastases that can reflect dynamic changes in tumors in a timely manner. As a promising biomarker, CTCs can be used for early disease detection, treatment response and disease progression evaluation, disease mechanism elucidation, and therapeutic target identification for drug development. This review will discuss currently available technologies for plasma CTC isolation and detection, their utility in the management of CRC patients and future research directions. Keywords: Cellular heterogeneity; Circulating tumor cell; Colorectal Cancer; Precision medicine; Separation.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome


7月 02, 2013 バイオアソシエイツ


オーストラリア連邦メルボルンの研究チームが、「マラリア原虫が互いにコミュニケーションし、種の生存と他の人に感染するチャンスを高くする社会行動をするらしい」という驚くべき発見を報告している。この発見から、マラリア原虫のコミュニケーションの仕組みが解明されれば、そのネットワークを遮断することでマラリアの予防や治療の薬、ワクチンを開発する足がかりになるかもしれない。 Walter and Eliza Hall InstituteのAlan Cowman教授、Dr. Neta Regev-Rudzki、Dr. Danny…

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