Coordination of fungal biofilm development by extracellular vesicle cargo

Posted: 2021-10-30 19:00:00
The fungal pathogen Candida albicans can form biofilms that protect it from drugs and the immune system. The biofilm cells release extracellular vesicles (EVs) that promote extracellular matrix formation and resistance to antifungal drugs. Here, we define functions for numerous EV cargo proteins in biofilm matrix assembly and drug resistance, as well as in fungal cell adhesion and dissemination. We use a machine-learning analysis of cargo proteomic data from mutants with EV production defects to identify 63 candidate gene products for which we construct mutant and complemented strains for study. Among these, 17 mutants display reduced biofilm matrix accumulation and antifungal drug resistance. An additional subset of 8 cargo mutants exhibit defects in adhesion and/or dispersion. Representative cargo proteins are shown to function as EV cargo through the ability of exogenous wild-type EVs to complement mutant phenotypic defects. Most functionally assigned cargo proteins have roles in two or more of the biofilm phases. Our results support that EVs provide community coordination throughout biofilm development in C. albicans.

参考サイト PubMed: exsome

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7月 02, 2013 バイオアソシエイツ


オーストラリア連邦メルボルンの研究チームが、「マラリア原虫が互いにコミュニケーションし、種の生存と他の人に感染するチャンスを高くする社会行動をするらしい」という驚くべき発見を報告している。この発見から、マラリア原虫のコミュニケーションの仕組みが解明されれば、そのネットワークを遮断することでマラリアの予防や治療の薬、ワクチンを開発する足がかりになるかもしれない。 Walter and Eliza Hall InstituteのAlan Cowman教授、Dr. Neta Regev-Rudzki、Dr. Danny…

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