Posted: 2021-09-23 19:00:00
Objectives: To explore and compare the perspectives of junior doctors in Brazil and Ireland regarding transition and professional socialisation during the COVID-19 pandemic, with the purpose of identifying better ways to support doctors as they assume their new professional role. Design: 27 semistructured interviews. Transcripts were analysed using qualitative thematic analysis. Cruess' framework of professional socialisation in medicine supported the interpretation of these data. Setting: Public health hospitals across four Brazilian states (Santa Catarina, São Paulo, Ceará, Paraíba) and County Cork in the South of Ireland. Participants: Twenty-seven male and female medical junior doctors who had graduated between November 2019 and April 2020. Results: Fourteen Brazilian and 13 Irish junior doctors were interviewed for this study. Entry to clinical practice during the pandemic had a significant impact on factors influencing the professional socialisation of junior doctors. This impact was reflected across the following six thematic areas: lack of preparedness; disrupted trajectory of role adaptation; fewer opportunities for experiential learning; solidarity and isolation; altered interactions with patients; challenges to health and well-being. Conclusions: Transition to clinical practice is an important stage in junior doctors' professional socialisation and identity formation. The COVID-19 pandemic created the opportunity for medical graduates to enter the workforce earlier than usual. Entering the workforce during this period created a lack of confidence among junior doctors concerning the boundaries of their new role and responsibilities, while simultaneously disrupting their social integration. Priorities to mitigate the impact of COVID-19 and future pandemics on this transition are presented. Keywords: education & training (see medical education & training); general medicine (see internal medicine); medical education & training.
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