The prevalence and correlates of depression before and after the COVID-19 pandemic declaration among urban refugee adolescents and youth in informal settlements in Kampala, Uganda: A longitudinal cohort study


Posted: 2021-11-17 20:00:00
Purpose: There is scant research examining urban refugee youth mental health outcomes, including potential impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. We examine prevalence and ecosocial risk factors of depression in the periods before and after the COVID-19 pandemic declaration among urban refugee youth in Kampala, Uganda. Methods: Data from a cohort of refugee youth (n=367) aged 16-24 years were collected in periods before (February 2020) and after (December 2020) the WHO COVID-19 pandemic declaration. We developed crude and adjusted generalized estimating equation logistic regression models to examine demographic and ecosocial factors (food insecurity, social support, intimate partner violence) associated with depression, and include time-ecosocial interactions to examine if associations differed before and after the pandemic declaration. Results: The prevalence of depression was high, but there was no significant difference before (27.5%) and after (28.9%) the pandemic declaration (p=0.583). In adjusted models, food insecurity (aOR: 2.54; 95% CI: 1.21-5.33) and experiencing violence (aOR: 2.53; 95% CI: 1.07-5.96) were associated with increased depression, and social support was associated with decreased depression (aOR: 0.85; 95% CI: 0.81-0.89). Conclusions: These findings highlight the urgent need for interventions to address chronic depression, food insecurity, and ongoing effects of violence exposure among urban refugee youth in Kampala. Keywords: Adolescents; Depression; Food insecurity; Refugees; Urban; Violence; Youth.

参考サイト PubMed: covid-19


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バイオクイックニュース日本語版:COVID-19特集

バイオクイックニュース日本語版
12月 21, 2020 バイオアソシエイツ

脂肪組織がCOVID-19の悪化に重要な役割を果たすという仮説

脂肪組織が COVID-19 の悪化に重要な役割を果たすという証拠が増えている。 調査中の理論の1つは、脂肪細胞(adipocytes)がSARS-CoV-2の貯蔵庫として機能し、肥満または太りすぎの人のウイルス量を増加させるというものだ。科学者らはまた、感染中に脂肪細胞が血流中に放出され、生体内のウイルスによって引き起こされる炎症反応を促進すると考えている。これらの仮説は、ブラジルのサンパウロ大学医学部(FM-USP)臨床外科の教授 Marilia Cerqueira Leite…

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