The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospital utilisation in Sierra Leone


Posted: 2021-10-12 19:00:00
Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic has adversely affected health systems in many countries, but little is known about effects on health systems in sub-Saharan Africa. This study examines the effects of COVID-19 on hospital utilisation in a sub-Saharan country, Sierra Leone. Methods: Mixed-methods study using longitudinal nationwide hospital data (admissions, operations, deliveries and referrals) and qualitative interviews with healthcare workers and patients. Hospital data were compared across quarters (Q) in 2020, with day 1 of Q2 representing the start of the pandemic in Sierra Leone. Admissions are reported in total and disaggregated by sex, service (surgical, medical, maternity and paediatric) and hospital type (government or private non-profit). Referrals in 2020 were compared with 2019 to assess whether any changes were the result of seasonality. Comparisons were performed using Student's t-test. Qualitative data were analysed using thematic analysis. Results: From Q1 to Q2, weekly mean hospital admissions decreased by 14.7% (p=0.005). Larger decreases were seen in male 18.8% than female 12.5% admissions. The largest decreases were in surgical admissions, a 49.8% decrease (p<0.001) and medical admissions, a 28.7% decrease (p=0.002). Paediatric and maternity admissions did not significantly change. Total operations decreased by 13.9% (p<0.001), while caesarean sections and facility-based deliveries showed significant increases: 12.7% (p=0.014) and 7.5% (p=0.03), respectively. In Q3, total admissions remained 13.2% lower (p<0.001) than Q1. Mean weekly referrals were lower in Q2 and Q3 of 2020 compared with 2019, suggesting findings were unlikely to be seasonal. Qualitative analysis identified both supply-side factors, prioritisation of essential services, introduction of COVID-19 services and pausing elective care, and demand-side factors, fear of nosocomial infection and financial hardship. Conclusion: The study demonstrated a decrease in hospital utilisation during COVID-19, the decrease is less than reported in other countries during COVID-19 and less than reported during the Ebola epidemic. Keywords: COVID-19; control strategies; health systems; public health; viral haemorrhagic fevers.

参考サイト PubMed: covid-19


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バイオクイックニュース日本語版:COVID-19特集

バイオクイックニュース日本語版
5月 25, 2020 バイオアソシエイツ

妊娠中の女性は深刻なCOVID-19のリスクが高くないとオックスフォード大学等の研究成果が示唆

オックスフォード大学、英国王立産婦人科医協会、リーズ大学、バーミンガム大学、キングス・カレッジ・ロンドンの共同研究で、非妊婦より妊婦が COVID-19 重症になる可能性が低いことを示唆する新しい研究成果を発表した。…

ゲスト 847人 と メンバー 4人 がオンラインです