Social cognitive factors outweigh negative emotionality in predicting COVID-19 related safety behaviors


Posted: 2021-09-27 19:00:00
Prev Med Rep . 2021 Dec;24:101559. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101559. Epub 2021 Sep 16. Affiliations Expand Affiliations 1 Translational Social Neuroscience Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy, University of Würzburg, Germany. 2 Department of Psychology, University of Würzburg, Germany. 3 Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 4 Center for Basics in NeuroModulation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 5 Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Item in Clipboard Grit Hein et al. Prev Med Rep. 2021 Dec. Show details Display options Display options Format Prev Med Rep . 2021 Dec;24:101559. doi: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2021.101559. Epub 2021 Sep 16. Affiliations 1 Translational Social Neuroscience Unit, Department of Psychiatry, Psychosomatic and Psychotherapy, University of Würzburg, Germany. 2 Department of Psychology, University of Würzburg, Germany. 3 Department of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, Medical Center - University of Freiburg, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 4 Center for Basics in NeuroModulation, Faculty of Medicine, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. 5 Department of Psychology, Education and Child Studies, Erasmus University Rotterdam, The Netherlands. Item in Clipboard CiteDisplay options Display options Format Abstract Emotion-motivation models propose that behaviors, including health behaviors, should be predicted by the same variables that also predict negative affect since emotional reactions should induce a motivation to avoid threatening situations. In contrast, social cognitive models propose that safety behaviors are predicted by a different set of variables that mainly reflect cognitive and socio-structural aspects. Here, we directly tested these opposing hypotheses in young adults (N = 4134) in the context of COVID-19-related safety behaviors to prevent infections. In each participant, we collected measures of negative affect as well as cognitive and socio-structural variables during the lockdown in the first infection wave in Germany. We found a negative effect of the pandemic on emotional responses. However, this was not the main predictor for young adults' willingness to comply with COVID-19-related safety measures. Instead, individual differences in compliance were mainly predicted by cognitive and socio-structural variables. These results were confirmed in an independent data set. This study shows that individuals scoring high on negative affect during the pandemic are not necessarily more likely to comply with safety regulations. Instead, political measures should focus on cognitive interventions and the societal relevance of the health issue. These findings provide important insights into the basis of health-related concerns and feelings as well as behavioral adaptations. Keywords: COVID-19; Negative affect; Safety behavior; Social cognitive; Survey. © 2021 The Author(s). Conflict of interest statement The authors declare that they have no known competing financial interests or personal relationships that could have appeared to influence the work reported in this paper.

参考サイト PubMed: covid-19



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