Racial/Ethnic Variation in Veterans Health Administration COVID-19 Vaccine Uptake

Posted: 2021-11-16 20:00:00
Introduction: Equitable COVID-19 vaccine access is imperative to mitigating negative COVID-19 impacts among racial/ethnic minorities. U.S. racial/ethnic minorities have lower COVID-19 vaccination rates than Whites despite higher COVID-19 death/case rates. The Veterans Health Administration provides the unique context of a managed care system with few access barriers. This study evaluates race/ethnicity as a predictor of Veterans Health Administration COVID-19 vaccination. Methods: The cohort was composed of Veterans Health Administration outpatient users aged ≥65 years (N=3,474,874). COVID-19 vaccination was assessed between December 14, 2020 and February 23, 2021 . Multivariable logistic regressions were conducted, controlling for demographics, medical comorbidity, and influenza vaccination history. Proximity to Indian Health Service Contract Health Service Delivery Areas was tested as a moderator. Data analyses were conducted during 2021. Results: Blacks (OR=1.28, 95% CI=1.17, 1.40), Hispanics (OR=1.15, 95% CI=1.05, 1.25), and Asians (OR=1.21, 95% CI=1.02, 1.43) were more likely than Whites to receive Veterans Health Administration COVID-19 vaccinations. American Indian/Alaska Natives were less likely than Whites to receive Veterans Health Administration COVID-19 vaccinations, but only those residing in Contract Health Service Delivery Area counties (OR= 0.58, 95% CI= 0.47, 0.72). Influenza vaccine history positively predicted COVID-19 vaccine uptake (OR= 2.28, 95% CI=2.22, 2.34). Conclusions: In the Veterans Health Administration, compared with the general U.S. population, COVID-19 vaccine receipt is higher among most racial/ethnic minority groups than Whites, suggesting reduced vaccination barriers . The Indian Health Service may provide a safety net for American Indian/Alaska Native populations. Addressing vaccination access barriers in non-Veterans Health Administration settings can potentially reduce racial/ethnic disparities.

参考サイト PubMed: covid-19


9月 06, 2021 バイオアソシエイツ



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