Posted: 2021-10-21 19:00:00
Background: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has changed the practice of all health-care professionals. Determining the impact could prevent repercussions in future crisis. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dermatology residents' professional practice, working conditions, academic training and mental health. Methods: An online questionnaire was sent to all French dermatology residents. We compared the activity of residents working in areas heavily impacted by COVID-19 to others. Logistic multivariate regressions were done, using as outcome variables the negative impact of the COVID crisis on residents' possibility to practice dermatology during the crisis, supervision, academic training and working more than 50 h/week. The last part of the questionnaire was the burnout questionnaire of Maslach. Results: A total of 246 residents filled the questionnaire. Residents working in highly impacted COVID areas (odds ratio, OR 0.34 confidence interval, CI [0.18, 0.61], P ≤ 0.001), first-year postgraduate (PGY-1) residents (OR 0.46 CI [0.23, 0.91], P = 0.023) and those in private practice (OR 0.10 CI [0.01, 0.57], P = 0.032) were significantly less able to maintain dermatology activities. Worse supervision was significantly more frequent with non-PGY-1 residents (OR 3.24 CI [1.65, 6.65], P < 0.001). One hundred and eighty one residents claimed the pandemic to have a negative effect on their dermatology curriculum with no difference according to their regions' affection by COVID-19. This was mostly attributed to the cancelation of courses and congresses. PGY-1 residents (OR 2.09 CI [1.09, 4.04], P = 0.029) and residents in highly affected areas (OR 1.79 CI [1.01, 3.18], P = 0.049) were more at risk of working above the maximal legal working time. None of the residents was free of burnout symptoms. Conclusion: Dermatology residents have been highly affected by COVID-19. It might be important to have a more integrated healthcare system to fight times of crisis with the least repercussions on residents. Keywords: Academic training; burnout; coronavirus disease 2019; education; resident; working conditions.
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