Posted: 2021-09-27 19:00:00
Introduction: One of the recognized causes of acute pancreatitis is viral-induced pancreatitis. The SARS-COV-2 virus has been linked to pancreatic injury and hence the causation of acute pancreatitis. This paper reports three cases of acute pancreatitis linked to COVID-19 infection adding to serving to further consolidate evidence. Case presentation: Three patients aged between 63 and 87 years were diagnosed with acute pancreatitis and concomitant or previous COVID-19 infection. Criteria for diagnosis of pancreatitis were according to the revised Atlanta criteria. None of the patients had had previous episodes of pancreatitis and other aetiologies were not suggestive. The patients were not vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2. Supportive treatment was instituted for the three patients, and all made an uneventful recovery. Mean hospital stay was 4 days. Discussion: The diagnosis of acute pancreatitis in the presented cases is being linked to COVID-19 infection, as other causes were not evident. There is however a confounding factor, as the patient in case 2 had slightly elevated triglyceride levels and had been on long-term low dose atorvastatin, both of which are associated with a low risk of acute pancreatitis. However, she had never had pancreatitis prior to this presentation. Conclusion: The novel virus SARS-COV-2 has also been linked to pancreatic damage and thus a possible causative factor in acute pancreatitis. This mini-case series presents three cases of acute pancreatitis in COVID-19 positive patients, in the absence of other risk factors. This phenomenon linking COVID-19 and pancreatitis has been expounded by other case reports and cohort studies from around the world. It is reasonable to acknowledge that, like other viruses, SARS CoV-2 may cause acute pancreatitis, although sounder evidence from the international community needs to be compiled. Keywords: COVID-19 infection; Case series; Coronavirus; Pancreatitis; SARS-CoV-2 virus.
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